The Golden Temple, India

Sri Harmandir Sahib

Image credit: Unsplash

During the course of my PhD studies, I had a lot help with my classes. Because the focus of my research was 3D printing, I asked one of my friends that helped my with various math courses was there anything I could print for her. She asked if.I could print something for the Golden Temple in India. I decided to create a lithophane of a nighttime picture of the temple.

According to Wikipedia [1], “A lithophane is an etched or molded artwork in very thin translucent porcelain or plastic that can be seen clearly only when back lit with a light source.” There are numerous ways to create a 3D printed lithophane. The site that I recommend you check out is It’s Litho. The site offers many options and configurations. My favorite is the Arc. Here is a time lapse of the Golden Temple lithophane.


The Golden Temple was originally built in 1577 and has been rebuilt several times over the years. Also known as the Harmandir Sahib, which can be translated from Punjabi as ‘abode of God’, is the most significant spiritual site in Sikhism [2].

1: (Lithophane)

2: (Golden Temple)

Michael J. Wilson
Michael J. Wilson
Specializing in “What Not to Do” since 1972

My interests include GIS, 3D Printing (3DP), Machine Learning, and Productivity.